Documenting Sexual Violence and Torture in Darfur

On April 15, 2023, a clash broke out between the Sudanese Armed Force (SAF) and the paramilitary group (RSF) in the headquarters of SAF in the capital city Khartoum. The number of people displaced by conflict since 15 April inside and outside of Sudan has reached 8.1 million with almost 14000 people dead.Moreover the conflict has driven over 1.4 million people into five neighbouring countries i.e., Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia and South Sudan.Moreover, Uganda has received over 15,000 refugees and asylum seekers from Sudan, making up nearly 40% of the total refugee influx into the country since January 2024 and many others have headed to Kenya and other African nations.

The war revolves around a struggle for power between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) leaders and the influential paramilitary faction called the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan heads the SAF, while Mohamed Hamdan “Hemedti” Dagalo leads the RSF. Both factions are engaged in a conflict to assert dominance over the state and its resources. The war started from Khartoum and has reached or is affecting all of the country especially the Darfur region, which has a long history of continuing conflicts.